Prefiksi i sufiksi

By | 01/05/2014

Prefiksi

Prefiksi koji se najčešće upotrebljavaju:

un – unwise, unwell
dis – disagree, disbelive
ill – illiterate
in – indirect
ir – irrational
non – non-stop

Ostali prefiksi:

a – ashore
be – beloved
de – defend
dis – disarm
en – enlarge
ex – explain
fore – foreground
out – outline
inter – international
mis – misundrerstood
post – post-ware
pre – prepare
pro – protect
re – reform
over – overload
sub – submarine

Sufiksi

Sufiksi za obrazovanje imenica:

sufiksi koji označavaju nacionalnost, pripadnost određenoj grupi ljudi ili predmeta, koji vrše radnju ili koji su predmet radnje:

-ian (Bosnian)
-ician, -arian, -orian (optician, librarian, historian)
-er, -or, -ist (reader, conductor, dentist)
-ant, -ent (assistant, student)

sufiksi koji označavaju apstraktnost, kvalitet, uslov, stanje, procese, nauke,
predmete, deminutive, mjesto:

-ance, -ence (distance, sentence)
-hood (neighborhood)
-ia (Bosnia, Croatia, Serbia)
-ic, -ics (statistics)
-age (village)
-ion (union)
-ing (fighting)
-tion (construction)
-ssion (session)
-sion (division)
-ism (racism)
-ment (document)
-ness (happiness)
-ship (friendship)
-sure (measure)
-ture (furniture)
-ity (rapidity)
-y (muddy)

Sufiksi za obrazovanje pridjeva:

-able, -ible
(considerable, flexible)
-al (equal, final)
-cial (social)
-ic, -ical (economic, physical)
-ant, -ent (distant, independent)
-ate (immediate)
-ian (Bosnian)
-ive (effective)
-ful (hopeful)
-less (helpless)
-ly (friendly)
-ous, -ious (famous, various)
-y (ready, gloomy)
-some (tiresome)
-like (childlike)
-th, -d (sixth, third)
-ish (girlish)
-en (golden)
-ern (southern)
-ward (northward)

Sufiksi za obrazovanje glagola:

-ate
(dictate)
-ed (trained)
-en (darken)
-fy, -ify (magnify)
-y (occupy)
-ply (supply)
-ize (mechanize)
-ing (living)
-er (glitter)
-ish (furnish)
-el (snivel)
-le (crackle)
Sufiksi za obrazovanje priloga:

-ly
(slowly)
-side (inside)
-wards (inwards)
-wise (likewise)
-ward (forward)